In order to make this ancient ritual, you and the shaman will need the following items:
- Coca leafs
- Wine or other drink
- White corn, Red.
- Candies, breads, cookies.
- Among other ingredients.
There are several things involved, we mention some things that are most used in the ceremonies, because not only is it done on the first day of August or the whole month. Instead it’s done all year on days like Tuesday and Friday of each month for different purposes like health, among others , the “ofrendas” (offerings) are marketed in the markets of Sicuani de Bombonera and in the Central Market, it’s already to buy according to your requirement.
According to the ceremony of the Phachamama, it begins with the day before or “the previous day”, through its preparations, in which, the previous night prepares the food and a special drink “chicha” (corn chicha) that will be offered to the Phachamama.
In addition the instructions are left to the participants of the ritual on which to buy and from where to buy.
Because those who make these offerings and own the stores from which to buy the supplies are the same that allows the materials to be used, the place where the “ofrenda” will be placed and everything necessary for the central day. Normally most people do the night-time “ofrendas”.
The offerings (commonly called “despacho” meaning to feed the earth), are placed in a place that can be a designated room or in the room, a blanket is placed by the bidder who runs the ritual, similar to a altar or a curanderismo (shaman doctor) work table. Drinks (Coca, chicha, beer, liquor, red wine); holy water, sweets, coca leaves (sacred plant Andean, mediator with the spirits), various objects (money, coins); food (bread, biscuits, fruit). Flowers, seeds and other things from the land that we have at home (potatoes, corn or corn without peeling, chickpeas, rice, huayruros, etc.), the seeds are placed in a clay bowl; Incense or incense additionally. The ceremony may be accompanied by white or colored candles and various objects that symbolize the social context, everything that the offeror paqo or “altomisayoc” has prescribed, is given to him to make the preparations.
Participants are invited, usually this ceremony has a cost, which attends although if it is presented the same day of the ceremony must be invited by the offeror. The Phachamama ritual is a voluntary act in which the only requirement to be present is to ask for permission to enter and to agree with the organizers on the details of the ritual. There is no attendance limit.
Then the participants go around the table or altar to participate in the preparation and distribute coca to the participants (family), to choose coca kintus ojas without deform according to the request of the high misayoq; while the Paqo or Misayoq chooses the corn to put on the head of dry corn the tallow, cotton and small shiny things this may be several depending on the offering.
He placed himself in the centric part of the unkuña praying to the apus or it makes mention to the apus with names and everything calling for health, prosperity and other things for the family. In the meantime, the Paqo serves wine to those present, then places all the ordered items in order to the office paper as candies, cookies, breads among others until arriving at the moment of placing the Kintus to the one by all the participants, they ask for their health, well-being, happiness in the family, prosperity, wealth, among other concerns to the apus and are putting orderly.
Then the Paqo reveals white and colored corn to rose around the corn and Kintus asking for desires, the Paqo begins to challenge with the wine all the offering already to take to the altar, picks it up and wraps it with the paper of despacho and it keep until midnight and the campfire ready; Meanwhile they drink wine and chicha.
At midnight only the Paqo with an assistant go to the sacred place where the fire is ready with enough breasts to quickly consumed everything prepared, they arrived at the holy place and open the ember and placed in the middle the ofrenda and meanwhile the high misayor or Paqo make the challasqa around the fire with a few prayers or petitions to the mother earth.
The moment of burning the despacho is the most important moment of the ceremony, it is the moment when the mother earth consumes what is offered and if the despacho is well done they feel bursts of corn and is the sign that the earth is happy to receive the offering.
Terms that are used to understand the offer to mother earth:
Table: are the offerings. This name comes from the Spanish and is related to the Catholic Mass.
The table contains : wine, coca, corn, fairies of llamas, sheep, cuy. Fat of sheep or cattle (bait), incense, copal, among other elements.
Alto Misayoq or Paqo: “the wise one”, is the officiant of the ceremony. He summons and consecrates the subterranean deities and those of the mountains. Prepare the table and burn it in the sacred fire. Finally, he interprets the signs he sees in the ashes.