Cusco or Qosqo means “navel” in Quechua. The Incas thought that the navel is the center of all life and Cusco was for them the navel of the world.The city of Cusco was founded between the eleventh and twelfth centuries by the first head of state of the Inca Manco Capac and his wife Mama Ocllo, who emerged from the sacred waters of Lake Titicaca. His father Sol had ordered that he establish the capital of the Inca Empire where the gold bar in his hand is. Arriving at Cerro Huanacauri the rod sank and disappeared forever, that is how the city was founded.
(Only in English). Inca (mid thirteenth century), appears as the oldest city in all South America.
This centralism gave rise to it and became the main cultural focus and axis of religious worship. It reached its greatest splendor during the reign of the Inca Pachacútec which came to power in the fifteenth century.
The plan of the old Cusco is shaped like pine outlined, with the central square Haucaypata and the position that occupies the chest of the animal. The head of the feline is located on the hill where is the fortress of Sacsayhuaman. The Incas organized their administrative division so that the limits of the four regions of the Empire coincided in the main square of Cusco.
Cusco was also one of the most important cities of the Viceroyalty of Peru. The Spanish conquest occurred in 1,534 of the hand of Francisco Pizarro. Its architecture is a magnificent combination of the Inca and colonial style, full of historical monuments, religious, myths and legends. Cusco Archaeological Capital of America, was declared a World Heritage Site in 1983 by UNESCO, is located in the southeast of Peru at 3,300 m.s.n.m. Covering areas of mountains and jungle.
It borders Arequipa, Puno, Apurimac, Junin, Ucayali and Madre de Dios. The climate of Cusco is generally dry and temperate, has two defined seasons; A dry one between April and October, with sunny days, cold nights with frost and average temperature of 13 ° C, and another rainy, from November to March, average temperature 12 ° C. On sunny days the temperature reaches 20 ° C, while in the jungle areas it exceeds 25 ° C. It has a population that exceeds one million inhabitants.
It is a visit to Cusco focused from an astronomical Inca system called CEQUES.We know that from the main Qoricancha temple, the invisible connecting lines to the numerous Wakas that the temple city of Cusco had had and with them the bond with the beings came out in the direction of the Four Suyos “Antisuyo, Chinchaysuyo, Collasuyo, Contisuyo” Tutelars or deities of the Andean religion.
Each shrine, sacred place, or minor temple was umbilically attached to Qoricancha because it constituted a whole unitary and complex system of religious beliefs, such connecting lines were called CEQUES.From the Temple of the Sun came lines that the Incas called CEQUES; And made four parts according to the four royal roads that left Cusco and in each of those CEQUES were by their order the huacas and adoratorios that had in Cusco and its comarca, like stations of places whose veneration was general to all, each CEQE was in charge of the bias and families of the said city of Cusco; From which came the ministers and servants who looked after the guacas of their CEQUE and attended to offer to their times the customary sacrifices.
Credits photography Walter Coraza Morveli | http://cuzcoeats.com/